December 13, 2017

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Preventing Colds and Flu

By Melissa Omolo

Last week, we looked at  how to treat to treat the cold, today it is matters prevention..Prevention is better than cure.The truth of the matter is preventing a cold is easier than treating it…

Here are 10 simple things you can do to prevent it…

hand washing

  1. Wash your hands-Hands are the primary transmitter of cold causing viruses. Frequent hand washing, especially after shaking hands or being with other people, prevents the spread of viruses.
  2. Do not touch your face with your hands.-When the nose, eyes or mouth are touched by hands these can introduce infectious agents in the body.
  3. Avoid crowds-Cold-causing viruses travel by way of saliva droplets projected when speaking, coughing or sneezing. The more people we have around us, and the closer they are to us, the greater the risk of their transmitting the cold virus or other infectious agents to us.
  4. Ventilate rooms well. – Poorly ventilated rooms can harbor viruses and other infectious agents. Windows need to be opened in order to circulate the air, for at least a little while each day.
  5. forestsBreathe fresh air. Although it is cold, the fresh air in forests and mountains is preferable for cold prevention. Whenever possible, get out to the countryside to breath in the fresh air of the forest.
  6. Get enough rest. Keeping regular rest periods, not staying up all night and avoiding stress help keep the immune system in good condition and prevent colds.    warm clothing
  7. Wear warm clothing. When it is cold, the neck, ears, hands and feet should be especially protected. These body
    parts are sensitive areas and when they get cold, there is a vaso-constriction reflex (narrowing of the blood vessels) in the mucosa of the nose.
  8. Drink enough water                                                                                                                                                                                               water                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          vegetables
  9. Watch the diet- Take fruits and vegetable rich in vitamin C and other antioxidants.                                                                                                            vitamin c
  10.  Avoid abuse of antibiotics- Do not take antibiotics unnecessarily, since they weaken defenses. Antibiotics should only be taken if prescribed by a doctor.antibiotics

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